Adopting ecological organic farming to fight hunger and malnutrition in the world, says ECOWAS expert – The Sun Nigeria


Mr. Ernest Aubee, Head of Agriculture Division, ECOWAS Commission, said half the world’s population was undernourished, with 3.4 billion people suffering from hunger, malnutrition and obesity.

Aubee, who said so during a conversation with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Wednesday in Abuja, identified agroecology presented as one of the means to ensure food security, preservation the health of the population and the environment.

He described agroecology as the application of the science of ecology to farming systems that seeks to develop an ecological structure that does not need external inputs.

The practice of agroecology has enabled the necessary interaction between species for the system to function better, explains Aubee, responsible for food and nutrition security programs at the ECOWAS Commission.

He frowned at the increasing rate of hunger and malnutrition in the world, attributing the increase to insufficient food security.

“Even with the global increase in hunger and malnutrition, around 33-40% of the food produced in agro-industrial chains is still wasted in production, transportation or discarded.

“Low agricultural productivity, mismanagement of agro-ecological resources for agricultural production, excessive dependence on non-renewable resources for agricultural production lead to a shortage of food.

“Other limitations include insufficient funding of the agricultural sector, inadequate knowledge on agroecological management, weak institutional capacity, coordination and networking and linkages between farmers and research institutes as well as the effects of change. climate, ”he said.

He therefore called for good policies and the implementation of strategies that would promote the development of ecological organic agriculture (AEO) in the West African region.

“These policies need to be supported by the right investments, the regulatory framework, institutional arrangements and capacity development.

“To get our political leaders to accept EOA, we still need to provide empirical evidence of the advantages of EOA over conventional agriculture, as seeing is believing.

“Research on EOA is also lacking, so we need to have a critical mass of researchers in our countries and include EOA in the curriculum of our higher education institutions. “

He added that agroecological practices mitigate climate change as it is a high productivity, efficiency and biodiversity system with high recycling rates.

“It uses few external inputs, is resilient and makes efficient use of local resources, and exhibits a high level of synergy and integration.

“It has its roots in ecology, applying understanding of natural ecosystems and comparing them to mechanized agroecosystems,” Aubee said.

He also called for intensive and sustained awareness on the benefits and opportunities of EOA.

“It should be an ongoing process at all levels of society that requires partnership with the media, CSOs, NGOs, the private sector and all stakeholders, including farmers,” he added ( ‘NOPE)

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