Organic Farming: There was a time when experts and scientists insisted on the use of chemicals to meet the dietary needs of the growing population in India. But now they are advising farmers to use less chemicals. Agri-scientists say chemicals should be the last option for farmers because too much of the chemicals makes cro toxic, which can lead to diseases like cancer.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Samastipur, Associate Director of Research Dr. SK Singh told the media that organic compost and green manure should be used in agriculture. This reduces the cost of cultivation and increases income. Additionally, organic manure can be easily prepared at home.
He also said the focus should be on techniques such as crop rotation and multiple cropping.
What is Zero Budget Natural Farming?
Zero-Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is essentially a type of farming that promotes chemical-free farming practices. In zero-budget natural farming, native cow dung and cow urine, etc. are used for crop growth. This type of agriculture is encouraged to promote biological pest control, mixed cropping, etc.
This allows the use of natural substances while restricting or strictly limiting synthetic substances. For example, natural insecticides such as pyrethrin and rotenone can be used. Meanwhile, permitted synthetic substances include copper sulfate, elemental sulfur, and vermectin.
To popularize organic farming, it is necessary for farmers to raise more animals and for compost/manure to be made from kitchen scraps or cow dung.
Green manure should be prepared at the right time and the use of chemicals should be avoided for disease and pest management.
Emphasis should be placed on the management of diseases and pests by biological means.
Clean agriculture must be encouraged.
Finally, DR Singh said that farmers would definitely get good and better incomes if they adopt organic farming or natural farming. For this, they can contact their Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) or the agriculture department office nearby.
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