How is organic farming more sustainable?
Organic plant cultivation is excellent for the environment because it does not pollute, it increases soil fertility, reduces soil erosion and protects wildlife.
In this way, it ensures that the land can be used for generations to come without depleting the region’s natural resources.
One of the hallmarks of organic farming is the cultivation of naturally more resilient crops that can ensure a reliable food supply.
Organic standards mean that farm workers and people living in the area are not exposed to dangerous chemicals, which promotes their health. It is also a key element of sustainability.
How does organic farming support wildlife and biodiversity?
Pesticides, herbicides and other synthetic chemicals not only kill unwanted plants (weeds) or insects, they kill a number of species which are important for maintaining balance in nature.
The poster species for the devastating effects of some industrial pesticides are bees.
When bees die, our entire food supply collapses because bees are the primary pollinators for successful harvests. Yet it’s not just bees.
Organic farming also protects thousands of other species of insects, hedgehogs, birds, bats, frogs and fish. It does not poison them or their environment.
Another important factor is that organic farming supports wildlife by maintaining hedges, ponds and forests.
Synthetic fertilizers can pollute waterways and ponds, disrupting the entire ecosystem and causing problems such as algae blooms.
When this happens, algae reproduce at a rapid rate, covering entire water surfaces and choking the fish that live there.
This just does not happen with organic farming! But that’s not all.
By avoiding GMOs, organic farming also protects local species from the introduction of foreign genes into their populations.
It is true that some GM plants are safe, but we still do not have enough data to be certain of the long-term effects of GMs on native species and the environment.
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